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What Equipment Does a Crematorium Need?

As cremation becomes more popular as a final disposition choice, the need for crematoriums continues to grow.

In this article, we will discuss the essential equipment required for a modern crematorium and how Mastercraft can provide high-quality cleaning options so crematoriums can keep their facilities up to date with cleaning standards.

The Cremation Process

Before diving into the human cremation equipment needed, it is essential to understand the human cremation process as a whole. Cremation involves subjecting a body to a high temperature and flame, reducing it to bone fragments and ashes.

The process takes place in a chamber known as a retort, where temperatures can reach up to 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. The retort is specially designed to ensure efficient and safe cremation of human remains, or pets in the case of pet crematories. This process is fueled by natural gas and gives off exhaust gases.

Basic Equipment Required

Cremation Systems

The cremation chamber or furnace is the primary equipment needed in a crematorium. It is the primary chamber where the actual cremation and combustion process takes place.t comes in different sizes to accommodate the varying needs of crematoriums.

Ash Collection System

After the cremation process is complete, the cremator remains are collected and stored in an ash collection system. This system typically includes a tray or box for collecting the ashes, which is then placed in an urn and then handed off to funeral directors to include in a funeral.


A cremulator is a machine that grinds the bone fragments of corpses into a fine, sand-like consistency before placing them in an urn. It is a crucial and reliable piece of equipment in the cremation process, as it ensures that all bone fragments are collected and processed.

Air Filtration System

The cremation process releases gases such as carbon dioxide, smoke, and odors into the air, making it necessary to have an efficient air filtration system. This helps remove harmful emissions from the combustion exhaust before releasing it into the atmosphere.

Viewing Window/Room

Many crematoriums offer families the option to witness the cremation process, which may require a viewing window or room. This allows loved ones to say their final goodbyes in a more personal and meaningful way.

Body Transport Equipment

Transporting the body to and from the crematorium requires specialized equipment such as gurneys, racks, and lifts. These are necessary for safely moving the body within the facility.

Protective Gear

Crematorium staff must wear protective gear to ensure their safety while operating the equipment and handling human remains. This may include gloves, masks, aprons, and goggles.



After the cremation process, the remains are placed in an urn or container for final disposition. Crematoriums may offer a variety of options to families, including biodegradable urns, traditional urns, and keepsake containers.

Cleaning Standards for Crematoriums

The cleaning standards for crematoriums may vary depending on location and regulations, but some common requirements include regular cleaning and disinfection of equipment and surfaces, proper handling and disposal of human remains, maintenance of a clean and hygienic environment, and compliance with all health and safety regulations. Crematoriums may also be required to have documented cleaning procedures in place.

Cleaning Equipment

Crematoriums must adhere to strict health and safety standards, which means proper cleaning equipment is essential.

This includes equipment such as:

vacuum cleaners

After each cremation, the retort and surrounding burning area must be thoroughly cleaned. Vacuum cleaners such as ash vacuums are used to remove any residual bone fragments or ashes.

What's the best vacuum cleaner for a crematorium?

There is no one "best" vacuum cleaner for a crematorium, as the specific needs may vary depending on the size and layout of the facility. However, some important factors to consider when choosing a vacuum cleaner for a crematorium include its suction power, ability to handle fine particles, and ease of use and maintenance.

Mastercraft offers a variety of heavy-duty vacuum cleaners suitable for crematorium use. These include industrial-grade wet and dry vacuums with high filtration capabilities to ensure thorough cleaning.


To maintain a clean and hygienic environment, crematoriums must regularly disinfect equipment and surfaces.

Cleaning Solutions

Specialized cleaning solutions designed for use in crematoriums help disinfect surfaces and keep the facility clean and safe.

Floor Scrubbers

Floor scrubbers are necessary for deep cleaning the floors, keeping them free of debris and potential hazards.

What types of floor scrubbers are best for a crematorium?

The type of floor scrubber needed for a crematorium will depend on the size and layout of the facility. Some options to consider include walk-behind or ride-on scrubbers, as well as those with specialized brushes for removing fine particles.

It is important to choose a floor scrubber with high suction power and efficient filtration to ensure thorough cleaning. Mastercraft offers a variety of commercial-grade floor scrubbers suitable for crematorium use.

Air Purifiers

To maintain a clean and healthy work environment, air purifiers can help eliminate odors and airborne particles from the cremation process.


Why should crematoriums invest in HEPA filters?

Crematoriums should invest in HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filters for their air purifiers, which are designed to filter out small particles and harmful substances (including those found during the cremation process).

These filters can also help improve indoor air quality and protect the health of staff and visitors to the facility. Additionally, the installation of HEPA filters may also help the crematorium meet environmental regulations and reduce their impact on the surrounding community.

What happens if a crematorium doesn't maintain its cleaning standards?

Failure to maintain proper cleaning standards in a crematorium can have serious consequences. It can lead to health and safety hazards for both staff and visitors, as well as negatively impact the surrounding environment.

Additionally, failing to meet hygiene and sanitation regulations may result in the authorities levying fines or taking legal action against the facility. Maintaining high cleaning standards is crucial for the overall operation of a crematorium and should be a top priority for all staff members.

Who enforces these standards?

Local health departments or regulatory agencies usually enforce cleaning and safety standards for crematoriums, and some even promote their own internal code of conduct. These agencies conduct regular inspections to ensure that the cremation facility is meeting all necessary regulations and guidelines.

As mentioned, failure to comply with these standards can result in penalties and even closure of the cremation association or the facility. Therefore, crematoriums must maintain proper cleaning equipment and procedures to avoid legal or operational issues.

What fines are given?

The fines for not meeting cleaning standards in a crematorium can vary depending on the severity and frequency of violations. They may range from smaller penalties, such as warnings or monetary fines, to more severe consequences like suspension or revocation of the facility's operating license or certification.

Proper maintenance and adherence to cleaning standards are necessary not only for the reputation of the crematorium but also for the safety and well-being of all involved.

Advanced Cremation Equipment


In addition to cremation chambers, some crematoriums may also have incinerators for disposing of medical waste. These specialized machines can handle hazardous materials and dispose of them safely.

Mercury Abatement System

Dental fillings and other dental work containing mercury are often found in human remains, which can release toxic fumes during the cremation process. To reduce the environmental impact, some crematoriums have a mercury abatement system that captures and neutralizes these fumes.

Body Lifts/Hoists

For crematoriums that handle larger bodies or overweight individuals, body lifts and hoists may be necessary to transfer the body into the retort safely.


Ash Processors

Some crematoriums may also have ash processors, which use a chemical process to reduce the volume of the cremated remains even further. This can be helpful for families who wish to divide the ashes among multiple urns or scatter them in different locations.

Environmental Control Systems

To ensure the safety of both crematory staff and families, crematoriums may also have environmental control systems in place. These can include fire suppression systems, emergency ventilation, and temperature monitoring.


Do all crematoriums have the same equipment?

Not necessarily. The specific equipment needed for a crematorium may vary depending on its size, location, and services offered.

Can I purchase cleaning equipment directly from Mastercraft?

Yes, Mastercraft offers a variety of cleaning equipment suitable for use in crematoriums. Customers can purchase directly from their website or through authorized distributors.

How often should crematoriums clean their equipment?

We recommend cleaning and disinfecting equipment after each use. You should also conduct regular deep cleaning at least once a week, though frequency may increase based on the level of use and number of services performed.

Are there any regulations specific to crematorium equipment?

Yes, various local and federal regulations govern the use and maintenance of equipment in crematoriums. Facilities need to stay updated on these regulations and comply with them to avoid penalties or legal action.

Overall ...

From ash collection systems to protective gear to cleaning equipment, each piece of equipment plays a crucial role in ensuring the facility runs smoothly and meets the necessary standards. Investing in high-quality equipment and regularly maintaining it is essential for running a successful and responsible crematorium that provides families with a dignified final farewell for their loved ones.

So, if you are considering starting a crematorium or working in one, make sure to familiarize yourself with the equipment needed to carry out this important service. Shop now for high-quality equipment from Mastercraft here!